By: Mohd Shahran Daud (UPSITV)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an exciting field that combines various disciplines such as Computer Science, Biology, Psychology, and Mathematics. At its core, AI refers to the ability of computers or robots to perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. AI aims to create machines that can reason, learn, and act autonomously, revolutionizing numerous aspects of our lives. In this article, we will explore the basics of AI, its potential impact on society, and introduce ChatGPT, a popular conversational AI model.

AI can be thought of as a technology that enables computers and machines to mimic human intelligence. Its primary objectives are to develop systems capable of reasoning, learning from experience, and making decisions without explicit instructions. The potential impact of AI on society is far-reaching, transforming industries and reshaping how we integrate information, analyze data, and make decisions.

AI is already present in various aspects of our daily lives. Some well-known examples include personal assistants like Siri and Alexa, which respond to voice commands and perform tasks. Self-driving cars like Tesla, which use AI algorithms to navigate and make driving decisions. Emotional intelligence software like Cogito, which analyzes human behavior and provides insights for better communication.

Personalized marketing platforms like Boxever, which use AI to deliver targeted advertisements and recommendations. Concierge services like John Paul, which employ AI to enhance customer experiences. E-commerce platforms like, which utilize AI algorithms to recommend products based on user preferences. Entertainment platforms like Netflix, which use AI to suggest movies and TV shows based on individual viewing habits.

Why ChatGPT is popular?

One of the most exciting developments in AI is ChatGPT, a conversational AI model designed to generate human-like responses in conversations. It is based on the GPT architecture and has been trained on vast amounts of text data. ChatGPT is continually fine-tuned on conversational data to improve its ability to provide coherent and contextually relevant responses.

ChatGPT has gained popularity due to its impressive performance in various conversational tasks, such as answering questions, engaging in casual conversations, and generating dialogue. People find it appealing because it feels like talking to a real person. Its versatility and ease of use make it a go-to conversational AI model for many applications.

A real example of a photo created using AI technology

While ChatGPT is popular, there are other conversational AI models available with their own strengths and weaknesses. Some notable alternatives include BERT, XLNet, T5, and GPT-2. Each model has specific applications where it excels. BERT is well-suited for question answering tasks, XLNet performs admirably in a range of natural language processing tasks, T5 is a versatile text-to-text transformer model, and GPT-2 remains widely used.

While ChatGPT is an impressive conversational AI model, it does have limitations. Sometimes, it may generate responses that are irrelevant or nonsensical. This is because the model relies on patterns it has learned from vast amounts of text data and may not fully grasp the context or meaning of specific inputs. Additionally, ChatGPT may struggle with deep understanding of specialized domains or topics. It’s important to acknowledge that AI models like ChatGPT are only as good as the data they are trained on and may inadvertently perpetuate biases or inaccuracies present in that data.

Embracing the Potential of AI:

AI’s rising popularity is fueled by advancements in machine learning and natural language processing. Access to large datasets and improved computing resources has contributed to better AI model training and performance. As a result, there is a growing demand for AI-powered applications across industries such as healthcare, finance, and retail.

For those interested in exploring AI, there are numerous online resources available. Platforms like Coursera and Udemy offer online courses, while textbooks and research papers delve into the technical aspects. Engaging with online communities and forums can provide valuable connections and opportunities to ask questions. Additionally, open-source libraries and tools are readily available to help newcomers start their journey in machine learning and natural language processing.

Considerations and Ethical Concerns

While AI brings numerous benefits, it also presents certain limitations and ethical concerns. AI models can produce biased or inaccurate results if not trained on diverse and representative data. Understanding the context or meaning of specific inputs may sometimes pose a challenge, resulting in irrelevant or nonsensical responses. It is crucial to address these biases and ethical concerns to ensure responsible and inclusive AI development and deployment.

Artificial Intelligence is a rapidly evolving field with the potential to transform our society. From personal assistants to self-driving cars, AI is already reshaping various industries. ChatGPT and other conversational AI models like BERT, XLNet, T5, and GPT-2 play crucial roles in enabling human-like conversations with machines. However, it is important to recognize their limitations and address ethical concerns to ensure the responsible and beneficial integration of AI in our lives. – ePena

Mohd Shahran Daud is Produser at Production Unit, Corporate Communication Division Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

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